How To Change Gears On A Bike For Beginners? Full Guide

You need to frequently shift between the gears while cruising on the hills. If you’re a beginner, most likely, you don’t know when and how to change gears, especially when it comes to mountain biking.

While flat terrain is perfect with middle gear, downhills should be on high gear and uphills on low gear for a smooth ride. In this article, I’ll show how to change gears on a bike for beginners with a step-by-step process.

4 Steps on How To Change Gears On A Bike

  1. Step 1: Determine whether you need to lower or higher the gear
  2. Step 2: Keep pedaling
  3. Step 3: Remember the Gear Controller
  4. Step 4: Change Gear With Your Thumb
Total Time: 20 seconds

Step 1: Determine whether you need to lower or higher the gear:

Step 1 Determine whether you need to lower or higher the gear

If you’re riding on flat terrain, you should use the middle gear. For downhills, use high gear and for uphills, use a low gear to make a smooth ride.

Step 2: Keep pedaling:

Step 2 Keep pedaling

Don’t stop pedaling! You’ll need to keep your RPMs high in order to change gears without losing too much speed. Also be careful not to touch the rear derailleur as this can cause it damage.

Step 3: Remember the Gear Controller

Step 3 Remember the Gear Controller

Remember that front gears are controlled by the left hand and rear gears by the right hand.  Lowering the gear will result in easy pedaling while climbing hills, and highering the gear will give you extreme performance on the downhill. Remember which hand controls the front gears and which controls the rear gears. Keep this in mind as you work on changing gear!

Step 4: Change Gear With Your Thumb

Step 4 Change Gear With Your Thumb

Press the upward controller with your left thumb to lower the front gear and downward to higher it. Pressing down on the controller will shift your bike into a higher gear, while pressing up will move you into a lower gear. Remember that when moving between gears, always use gentle pressure and take care not to touch either derailleur.

Perfect for cleaning your rear cassette, front chain rings, derailleur pulley wheels, hubs and spindles, brake arms, bottom bracket / crank interface, and more.

Understanding Bike Gears:

Understanding Bike Gears
Understanding Bike Gears

Gear shifting is an important skill for anyone who wants to have a great time on bikes. It can make riding a lot less tiring, and it’s even helpful when you’re trying to beat someone in a race.

So what are gears, exactly? gears are simply the mechanism that allows you to change your speed while riding your bike. When you pedal, your bike turns around its central sprocket. Your front wheel turns at one speed while your back wheel turns at another – this is usually different depending on which gear you’re in.

But gears aren’t just for cruising around – they can also be really helpful when you’re trying to get ahead in a race. When you change gear, it changes the amount of torque that your bike is generating. This means that you can pedal harder and stay more focused on the task at hand – whether that’s racing or commuting.

How should a beginner ride a bike with gears?

A beginner should start by riding in a lower gear and gradually shifting to a higher gear as they gain more confidence and experience. They should also avoid using the highest gears until they are comfortable and familiar with the bike. Lastly, it’s important to avoid making sudden or jerky gear changes, as this can damage the bike’s drivetrain.


Should I pedal while changing gears?

Yes, you should always pedal while changing gears of your bike.

Is gear 1 high or low on a bike?

It depends on whether it’s rear or back. Gear 1 in the rear is low and on the other hand it is high for front.

What gear is easiest to bike on?

Lower gear is the easiest to bike on. However, it will move you super slow.


Shifting gears is a crucial part of riding a bike. It allows you to pedal more efficiently, whether you’re going up a hill or cruising down a paved road.

If you’re new to biking, shifting gears may seem daunting at first. But with a bit of practice, it’ll become second nature. Follow these steps on your next ride to change the gear and make yourself a pro rider.

Guide to different types of gears

  1. Standard double
  2. Compact
  3. Semi-compact
  4. Triple
  6. Hub gears
  7. PMP 33t chainring
  8. Cassette ratios

A standard double gear set is comprised of two gears. This type of gear ratio allows you to pedal at a constant speed and maintain your balance while cycling.

A compact gear set features smaller gears that allow for more revolutions per minute (RPM). This gives you more power when riding uphill and enables you to travel further with each pedaling cycle.

Semi-compacts have the same number of teeth as standard compact gears, but they are slightly wider so that they can accommodate larger riders or bikes with extended wheelb ases.

A triple gear set is comprised of three gears, which provides you with the most power and reaches a higher cadence than a double or compact gear set.

SRAM’s new Advanced xDrive System uses 3 pulley designs (single-ring, dual-ring, and triple) that work together to provide seamless shifting while riding on steep hills or in tight corners. This system also features an exclusive Agile Grip shifter for effortless transitions between gears while under pressure.

hub gears are found on bikes that are not equipped with a derailleur, such as BMX and mountain bikes. Hub gears allow you to pedal at a constant speed without having to use your hands.

the PMP 33t chainring features a small gear ratio that provides better power when cycling on hills or in tougher terrain. This gear set is also easier to shift than other types of gears because it has multiple shifts per revolution.

cassette ratios determine how many times your wheel will turn for every one rotation of the crankset (cass ette). A high cassette ratio will give you more revolutions per minute (RPM), which Increases your power and speed when cycling.

Bike Gears Term and Name

  1. Chainring
  2. Cassette
  3. Block
  4. Derailleurs
  5. Sprocket
  6. Ratio
  7. Drivetrain
  8. Cadence
  9. STI lever
  10. Ergo lever
  11. DoubleTap lever

A chainring is a ring, usually made from metal or plastic, that sits on the front of the bicycle’s crankcase and serves as the primary drive mechanism for your bike’s gears. The size, design, and number of teeth on a chainring will dictate which gear range your bike can go in.

A cassette is a set of hidden gears that are mounted inside your rear hub—this means you don’t have to take off your wheel to change it! There are many different types and sizes of cassettes out there; what you want to look for is a cassette with a high number of gears (typically at least 13), because this will give you more options when cycling on hills or in tougher terrain.

The block is the part of your front mech that attaches to your crankset and allows you to rotate the crank arms. It also houses your hub gear(s), so it’s important that it’s made from sturdy material that can handle lots of torque. A good quality block will also feature quick-release mechanisms so you can easily remove and replace the wheel if need be.

Derailleurs are the parts of your bike that allow you to change gears. There are two types of derailleurs—the front (STI) and rear (ERGO) lever type.

The sprocket is the cog on your drivetrain that helps transfer power from the chainring to the wheel. It’s made from metal or plastic, has a set size and number of teeth, and sits inside a hub shell.

The ratio refers to how many gears are in a given cassette or chainring compared to the number of gears on your rear wheel. For example, a bike with a 12-to-1 ratio will have one gear more than the cassette or chainring on your rear wheel—this will give you extra gearing when cycling uphill or in tougher terrain.

The drivetrain consists of the cassette, chainring(s), and sprocket. The cassette holds the gear(s) you want to use, while the chainring transfers power from your pedals to the wheel. The sprocket sits inside a hub shell and helps transfer power from yourchainringto yourwheel.

Cadence is the number of times you pedal per minute. The higher your cadence, the faster your bike will travel. You want to aim for a cadence that’s around 80–100 rpm.

The STI lever is the type of derailleur found on most road bikes. It has a front lever and rear lever, which allow you to quickly change gears.

The ERGO levers are often found on mountain bikes or hybrids because they offer more flexibility when it comes to changing gears. They have a front and rear Lever, but no side-to-side motion like the STI levers do.

What determines the number of bike gears you have?

What Determines The Number Of Bike Gears You Have
What Determines The Number Of Bike Gears You Have

The number of gears that you have on your bike is based largely on the type of bicycle you own. If you own a mountain bike, for example, there are many different types of gearing available to you. In fact, there are as many as 36 possible combinations!

The number of gears depends on two main factors: the width and length of your crankset and the size and shape of your front chainring. The most common choices in these categories include 26-inch (or 650b) cranksets with either a 50- or 52-tooth front chainring (both sizes come in both 50/38 and 53/39 compatibility). For example, if you use a 52-tooth chainring on a 26″ frame with a 50/34 crankarm length, then that combination would be called an ‘XS’ setup.

How do I know if my bike has the right gear ratio?

How do I know if my bike has the right gear ratio

Gears are one of the most important parts of your bike, and choosing the right gear ratio can make all the difference when cycling. When cycling, you want to maintain a constant speed, or cadence, so that you are not fatigue and can enjoy your ride. To do this, your gears need to match your pedaling speed. A gear ratio of 3:1 means that your bike will use three times as many gears as you are pedaling. This will help you to keep a consistent speed, regardless of the terrain or incline.

It is important to keep in mind that gear ratios change depending on the terrain you are cycling on. If you are cycling on flat ground, a gear ratio of 5:1 might be ideal. However, if you are cycling on a hill, a gear ratio of 2:1 may be more appropriate. Use the gear indicator on your bike to determine the correct gear ratio for your ride.

Why do you need gears on a road bike?

Why do you need gears on a road bike

 A road bike is a great way to improve your fitness and get the most out of your ride. You can use it for casual rides or longer training sessions, but you need to be aware that you also need gears that will allow you to pedal at a steady pace. If you do not have the right gearing, then there are several ways in which this could affect your ride:

If you are going uphill , then it will be difficult for you to keep up with the riders around you if they all have different gear ratios. If all of them are using the same kind of gears as yours, then chances are they will pass you when they reach an incline because their gearing is much higher than yours.

If there’s no hill on a route where everyone else is riding on flat ground, then it would be very easy for them to catch up with and pass people who have lower gear ratios than theirs.

What are some tips on shifting gears while riding a bicycle
What are some tips on shifting gears while riding a bicycle

If you’re a cyclist, you know that shifting gears can be a tedious and time-consuming task. Fortunately, there are a few tips that can help make the process a little bit easier.

When you’re starting out, it is important to slowly increase the gear size until you find the gear that works best for you. This will help to avoid unnecessary wear and tear on your bicycle. After you find your comfortable gear size, it is important to keep your bike in that gear as much as possible. When you shift, make sure to do it smoothly and with minimal noise.

Finally, be patient – it will take time to get used to this new way of riding. With these tips in mind, cycling will become a more enjoyable experience!

What Are The Benefits Of Learning How To Change Gears On A Bike For Beginners
What Are The Benefits Of Learning How To Change Gears On A Bike For Beginners

If you’re starting out on a bike, it is important to learn how to change gears. This is also known as shifting, and it’s a skill that is essential for both safety and efficiency. When you shift, you change the gear ratio of your bike, which allows you to travel at a faster or slower speed. By shifting properly, you can keep your bike from bogging down in heavy traffic or ascending a steep hill.

Shifting can also be used to avoid getting stuck in a slow gear. If you find yourself in this situation, simply shift into a higher gear so that you can speed up. For beginners, it is important to start with the lowest gear possible and work your way up. Once you have mastered the basics, you can try out different gears to see which one works best for you. Learning to change gears on a bike can be a tedious and time-consuming task, but with the right tips it can be an easy and enjoyable process.

If you’re looking for a simple, straightforward bike that will take you to your local shops and back again, then single speed bikes may be just what you need. These are bicycles that have only one gear ratio – meaning they have a fixed number of gears. This is the most basic type of gearing available on many modern road bikes (and also allows riders to change their gears by using a front derailleur).

Single speed bikes can be used for commuting or casual rides as well as long-distance training sessions. They are easy to maintain, low maintenance and often lighter than their counterparts with many different types of gearing systems.

The advantages of using single speed bicycle:

You save money . You don’t need to replace parts such as brake levers, rear derailleurs or chainrings nearly as much because there’s only one gear ratio involved. If something does break down on your bike it’s usually easier to fix than others because there’s less moving parts involved.

You save time . If you are a casual rider, then this is particularly important to you. You don’t need to change gears on your bike as often as someone who trains for long distances or regularly does mountain biking.

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