How to Change Gears on Road Bike

Changing gears on a bike can be a daunting task but it is as important as understanding handlebars and changing bike tires. The process is complicated and requires a lot of practice to master. This guide will show you how to change gears on a road bike with ease so that you can ride confidently in all conditions. Changing gears on a bike is not as difficult as it seems. In this article, we will look into how to use gears, and how to change gears on a road bike, the types of gears so you can gain as much knowledge as you need to be a great bicycler.

How to Use Gears on Road Bikes

Gears on a road bike are designed to give the rider an advantage on the way. They allow cyclists to change gears and maintain a speed without much effort. The gears make it possible for riders to ride at different speeds without having to stop or change their speed. They also help in providing more control and stability when riding on rough terrains. 

The gears are also advantageous because they can be shifted with one hand while the other is holding onto the handlebars, which makes it easier for riders to control their bikes.

To use gears on your road bike, you’ll need to know the following:

  • The size of your chainring (cog)
  • The size of your rear cassette (cog)
  • The size of your front chain ring (cog)
  • The number of teeth on each gear
  • How far each gear is spaced apart

The gears on a road bike are used for the rider to change their speed. They can be shifted to make the rider go faster or slower depending on what they need. It is very important to know the geometry of your road bike to make it more reliable and faster.

There are two ways of using gears:

  • 1) Using a single gear, which is usually found in mountain bikes, which would allow the rider to go up and down the hills with ease. 
  • 2) Using multiple gears, which is usually found in road bikes and allows the rider to go fast or slow depending on what they need.

Lower and Higher Gears

Lower Gear

There is a Lower Gear which is considered the easiest one. It is the smallest chain ring that is present in the front. It is also the largest cog on rear gears. You can pedal uphill because of this gear with less resistance. Moreover, it is great for climbing. It is also named as “downshifting”.

High Gear

The high gear is the biggest chain ring present in the front and it is the smallest cog present on the cassette. This gear is excellent to use for descending. 

How to Shift the Gears; the Basics

Shifting gears is a process of changing the gear on your bike. It is important to know how to shift gears on a road bike before riding. When you want to shift gears, you need to push the pedals backwards and forwards at the same time. This is done by moving your foot on the pedal on the left side of your bike. 

The basics of shifting gears are as follows:

– To shift up, you need to push your right foot down and your left foot up;

– To shift down, you need to push your right foot up and your left foot down;

– To stop pedaling, stop pushing on the pedals;

– While stopping pedaling, keep both feet on the ground.

These are just basics, the explanation of shifter levers is down below:


Different bikes have different shifters. For instance, on road bikes, your shifters are at the same levers that you utilize for brakes. You have to push shifters sideways until you get to hear a sudden click. On the other hand, on mountain bikes/hybrid bikes, you have to use paddles, these operate with your thumbs. Shifters are connected with a cable, This cable is in a protective casing. When you click through the gears, that cable tightens and then loosens. This helps the chain to move up and down the cassette. There are different shift levers and they have different functions:

Left Hand: Left hand manages the front gears. It assists in moving the chain up and down the cassette/chainrings. They cause big jumps in gears. 

Right Hand: It is in control of rear gears. These are usually used for small changes in terrain.

Cross Chaining 

Cross chaining is a technique that allows riders to ride on the opposite side of the road they are traveling on. It’s a strategy that can be used in different situations, such as when riding on a busy street or when you’re riding in an unfamiliar area. Cross chaining has been used since the late 1800s, but it was not until around 2000 that it became popular and widely used. This was due to advances in technology and materials that made it easier for people to use this technique.

The cross chaining technique is mostly used by cyclists who are looking to increase their speed while maintaining control of their bike while they are riding. It was first suggested by John Henry Phelan. The technique has since been adopted by many other disciplines such as mountain biking, BMXing and cyclocross racing.

Effective and Efficient Shifting Techniques 

Shifting techniques are one of the most important aspects of cycling. It is not just about changing gears but also about finding the right position on your bike. There are many techniques that can be used to make this process easier and more efficient, such as the use of a road bike, or when to shift. 

Effective and Efficient Shifting Techniques is a technique that can help riders achieve higher speeds while maintaining balance and control. As the bike moves faster, the rider has to shift gears in order to maintain balance and control. The rider should shift down rapidly and then release the clutch lever when they are just about to reach their desired speed. Efficient shifting techniques can help riders achieve higher speeds while maintaining balance and control. This technique can be used on road bikes, mountain bikes, BMX bikes or even dirt bikes.

Types of Gears

There are three types of gears; Fixed, cassette, and freewheel. Fixed gear is typically used for racing, while the cassette is typically used for casual riding.

Fixed Gear:

A fixed-gear bicycle has a single-gear ratio with no freewheel mechanism to allow coasting. Fixed-gear bikes require a rider to pedal continuously to maintain speed or momentum, which can be difficult for new road bike riders or riders who have not been riding long enough to develop leg strength and endurance.

JIMAITEAM Carbon Fixed Gear Rear Wheel 700c 

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  • Brand                      JIMAITEAM
  • Material                   Carbon Fiber
  • Brake Style             Linear Pull
  • Bike Type                Track Bike
  • Wheel Size               622 Micron

Click here to know all about Shimano group sets level for road bike

Hulk-Sports Carbon Fixed Gear Single Speed Bike

Product Details

  • Brand                      Hulk Sports
  • Material                   Carbon Fiber
  • Brake Style             Rim
  • Bike Type               Track Bike
  • Rim Size                 24.5 inches

HULKWHEELS Carbon Fixed Gear Wheelset Rim Single Speed Bike

Product Details

  • Brand                       HULKWHEELS
  • Material                    Carbon Fiber
  • Color                        38mm/23mm
  • Brake Style              Linear Pull
  • Bike Type                Track Bike, Road Bike


The cassette is an internal gear that is used in the drivetrain of a bicycle. It has two or three sprockets, which are connected one after the other using cogs on either side of the chain. The most common type of cassette found in bicycles today has eight sprockets, but there are also ten sprocket cassettes, twelve sprocket cassettes, and even thirty-one sprocket cassettes.

SHIMANO 105 CS-HG700 Cassette

Product Details

  • Cog Sizes                    11-34t
  • Cog Material                Nickle Plated Steel
  • Hub Type                     9-11 speed road, mountain
  • Claimed Weight           13.4oz (379g)
  • Recommended Use     Cycling

Simano Ultegra R8000 Cassette

Product Details

  • Cog sizes                11x25t, 11x28t, 11x30t, 11x32t, 12x25t, 14x28t
  • Cog Material            Nickle plated steel
  • Freehub Type          Shimano 11-speed road
  • Carrier material       Aluminum
  • Claimed weight       [11×25] 8.2oz (232g), [11×28] 8.9oz (251g), [11×30] 9.5oz (269g), 

                                [12×25]        8.6oz (243g), [14×28] 10.6oz (300g)r

SRAM PG-1050 Cassette (10-Speed)

Product Details

  • Cog Sizes                11-34t
  • Cog material nickel-plated steel
  • Hub Type                  9-11 speed road, mountain
  • Claimed Weight        13.4oz (379g)
  • Recommended use   cyclin

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A mechanism that allows the rider to coast without pedaling by turning the pedals backward or disengaging them all together, allowing riders to coast without pedaling or pedaling forward while coasting.

Origin8 Hornet Freewheel

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  • Precision CNC CroMo construction
  • 9 Pawl/108 Point/3.33-degree engagement for instant power transfer
  • 8 spline removal
  • Chrome plated

SHIMANO MF-TZ20 Freewheel

Product Details

  • Country of Origin: China
  • The Package Height of the product is 4 inches
  • The package length of the product is 6 inches
  • The package width of the package is 6 inches

Shimano DX BMX Freewheel

Product Details

  • 100 percent polyester eptfe
  • Renowned and reliable Shimano quality single-speed freewheel
  • Hard-wearing chrome moly steel
  • Chrome plated finish 

Read this article about Shimano Groupsets Level for Road Bikes

Choosing the Bike Gear

When it comes to choosing bike gear, there are a few things you need to consider. You should know your riding style and physical fitness. With this information, you can choose the best gear for your riding style and bike.

There are a lot of factors to consider when choosing the best gear for your riding style and physical fitness. In order to get the best gear for yourself, you should first determine your riding style and physical fitness level.

  • The first step is to identify what type of bike you will be riding. This will help you decide on the type of gear that you need. 
  • The next step is deciding on your fitness level. A person with a high fitness level will require different gear than someone with a low one.
  • The last step is determining what type of riding you’ll be doing with your bike. For example, if you’re going out for an easy ride around town, then it would be best to choose lighter gears that are more durable than ones that are meant for more difficult rides. 

Expert’s Opinion

According to our expert Harold j Williams If you’re a recreational rider, go with a wider range of gear so that you have an easier time climbing hills and going on long rides. If you ride mostly on flat terrain or have a limited amount of time in the saddle, get gears that are more efficient for climbing hills or going fast on flat ground.

While these are general guidelines for choosing the best gear for your riding style and physical fitness, it’s important to remember that there is no one-size-fits-all solution in cycling.


In this article, we have given detailed information about gears on a road bike. We have made sure to mention the types of gears, how to change gears on a road bike, how to shift gears on a road bike and how to handle gears so you can have a proper idea about gears. We hope that this article will help you understand your road bike better so you can use it efficiently. 


How do you shift gears on a 7-speed bike?

7-speed bike is a term used to describe the different speeds of a bicycle. The 7-speed bike is a popular choice for many people due to its ability to go at different speeds and its ability to be adjusted. It also has an easy-to-use gear system that allows riders to shift gears easily. The way you shift gears on a 7-speed bike is by using the front shifter and rear derailleur. You can adjust your speed by changing gears with your hand or foot, depending on what you are comfortable with.

Which gears to use on a bike?

You can use a gear for different purposes. You could use a gear to pedal or to shift the bike. You must know the following if you are a beginner. The gears are numbered from 1-11, with one being the smallest and 11 being the largest. The most popular gears in this order would be 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9. Some people have found that using gears such as 7-8-9 can be helpful in climbing steep hills or going uphill quickly. Some riders use them because they find them easier on their knees and back muscles when riding for long periods of time.

What are the 7 gears on a bike for?

The 7 gears on a bike are there to provide the rider with different speed options. They can be changed depending on the terrain, rider, and weather. The purpose of these gears is to allow the rider to maneuver through different terrains and also change their speed by using different gear ratios.

How to change gears on a road bike?

Some change gears by shifting down with their left foot and then up with your right foot (this is how most people switch from a lower gear to an upper gear). Another way is to shift down with your right foot and then up with your left foot (this is how most people switch from an upper gear to a lower gear).

How to shift gears on a road bike?

When riding a road bike, it is important to know how to shift gears in a road bike and make use of the different gears. This is because a road bike is designed for speed and distance. To shift gears on a road bike, you need to use your right hand on the front brake and your left hand on the rear brake. After stopping, you should release the brakes while simultaneously moving both hands in opposite directions.

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